Warts are cauliflower like outgrowths caused by HPV. They can be fleshy and sometimes painful. Though there is no authenticated treatment defined for wart removal, advanced medical science has come up with newer techniques to control its growth and reduce the duration of time. Electro surgery and laser surgery are two techniques that remove the warts completely however they can still reoccur after a certain period of time.
Electro cauterization is the process by which high frequency electrical current is passed through the wart to burn it. The process takes around 30 minutes to complete wherein the wart is depleted by the heat produced by the electric current. The process however may not be pleasant but is very effective.
The affected area is cleansed thoroughly and local anaesthesia is administered properly. A needle is then heated by passing electric current to it. The surgeon then removes the wart area by the surgeon’s knife, the method is called Curettage. Electro surgery procedure is also known as electro-desiccation. The results are immediate and effective however, the procedure is a bit painful.
Though Electro Cauterization is a very effective method in getting rid of the warts there are certain setbacks.
- It can be done only on one or few warts and not on a large clusters of warts
- The procedure leaves scars behind that look unattractive.
- Though the process removes the warts, it is superficial process and doesn’t treat the underlying viral infection.
- Once removed the warts can reoccur, so it isn’t a permanent treatment.
Tips While Under the Treatment:
Here are a few dos and don’ts when you undergo the process of treating the warts:
- You must be acquainted with the risks involved and the benefits of the treatment.
- Make sure to read all the details before you sign the consent form while enrolling for the procedure
- The wart area has to be cleansed very thoroughly and numbing medicine must be applied as the procedure involves a lot of pain.
- Let your doctor know if you are allergic to any of the numbing drug.
- It is very important to keep the treated area clean after treatment.
- Wear a bandage for a few days after the surgery.
- If there is continuous bleeding from the wound, contact your doctor.
- Call your doctor if there is swelling, redness or drainage in the treated area.
- Visit your doctor immediately if the warts still remain and more warts appear.
- Visit your doctor if you have a fever or shaking chills after treatment.
Laser Surgery or Laser Treatment
Generally when all the treatments remain ineffective, then patients go for a laser surgery. The warts are attacked by a laser beam to burn them. This treatment is very effective for large clusters of warts. The patient will be given anaesthesia before the warts are put under the laser beam.
The laser beams can be:
- Pulsed dye laser targets the haemoglobin within the cells.
- Carbon dioxide laser is highly vaporized and concentrated.
Laser treatment is done mostly to treat plantar warts and genital warts.